The Second Floor Staircase and Balcony
Archangel Michael. The figure, wearing a helmet and carrying a flag in one hand and what may be a sword in the other, certainly fits the Archangel's role as the leader of God's armies against Satan. Michael was revered by various military-oriented religious orders. He also has the distinction of appearing in Jewish and Islamic teachings as well as those of the Christians. The style of the painting leads me to believe that it is probably from the 17th or early 18th Centuries. It is only one of many religiously themed paintings and objects present in the hacienda.
The Hacendado's Bedroom
La Capilla (the chapel)
Virgin of Guadalupe, the dark-skinned version who is the patron of Mexico. She is particularly revered by the poor and indigenous people. In the ceiling above the cross you can see part of the interior of the dome.
Arts of Colonial Mexico. According to Richard, "this statue may be a devotion to a Virgin that is specific to the hacienda, but the imagery is that of La Purisima, or the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, with a sun like a halo of 12 stars and the half moon beneath her feet (she may also have held the Christ Child at one time). The crown on her head signifies the Queen of Heaven, a common complementary attribute."
The Back Veranda
1923 assassination in Parral, Chichihuahua. After losing the battle of Celaya to General Álvaro Obregón in April, 1915, Villa steadily lost support. He finally made a deal with his enemies allowing him to retire to a 25,000 acre hacienda. In 1923, while riding through Parral in his open Dodge car, Villa and his bodyguards and companions were killed by a hail of bullets from seven assassins. Various theories have been proposed about who was responsible, but it was probably done on the orders of Plutarco Elías Calles, then a candidate for President of Mexico. Calles had heard reports that Villa was planning to run against him in the upcoming election. The Mexican President at the time was Álvaro Obregón, Villa's old opponent at Celaya. It is unlikely that Calles would have launched such a plot unless Obregón, his sponsor, assented.
Burning cane and whirlwinds
fields are set alight to burn off the dry leaves, making the crop easier to harvest. The fire spread with amazing rapidity and, in the process, the billowing heat created a windstorm.
This completes my two part series on Hacienda El Plan de Corona. I hope you have found it enjoyable and interesting. If so you may want to leave a comment or ask a question. To do so, please either email me directly, or use the Comments section below. If no one has left a comment before you, just click on "No Comments" and it will take you to the screen where you can leave yours.
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Hasta luego, Jim