Begun in 1855, the construction was not completed until 1894, although the first mass was celebrated in 1880. It helps to remember that prior to the 1830s, Mazatlán was little more than a collection of fishermen's huts. Once the city began to develop as one of Mexico's major West Coast ports, local businessmen looked for ways to improve the appearance of the town. In 1875, Father Miguel Lacarra mobilized these businessmen, among them Don Pedro Echeguren, to help financially. These contributions spurred the previously slow construction work on the Catedral. Don Pedro, owner of mines, textile factories, water works, and other land holdings, was one of the richest men in the area. He had been living in sin but he promised Father Lacarra that, once the Catedral was finished, he would marry his live-in lover there. He kept his word.
Virgin of Guadalupe either shows her alone in her classic pose, or includes Juan Diego, the indigenous man who first encountered her in the early 16th Century. The statue above, found to the right of the Catedral entrance, is unusual in showing a different aspect of the story. Bishop Zumárraga had been very skeptical that the Virgin had really appeared before this lowly person. He asked for proof. Juan Diego returned to the ruined Aztec temple and the Virgin told him to collect flowers (traditionally roses) from the hill on which the temple was located. Juan Diego returned to the bishop with a cloak full of miraculously out-of-season flowers (it was winter). Opening the garment, both he and Bishop Zumárraga were astonished to find the image of the Virgin imprinted on the fabric. That moment is captured in the statue above.
St. Ambrose (337-390 AD) was one of the Four Doctors of the Catholic Church who are considered its greatest theologians. While he was a great theologian, he also advocated violent action against synagogues, becoming one of the earliest anti-semites. He successfully protested the Roman Emperor's order to rebuild a synagogue destroyed by a mob. This led to similar anti-semitic destruction all over the Empire, of which St. Ambrose explicitly approved. The Church at the time was struggling to gain dominance over religious practices within the late Roman Empire. In addition to the Jews, there were various powerful Christian splinter groups such as the Arians, as well as many supporters of the old pagan gods of Rome. St. Ambrose successfully confronted several of the Roman Emperors of his time, persuading them to reverse their stances on religious issues and to support the Catholic theological positions.
Parque de la Revolución
Mercado Pino Suarez